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Bibliography: Knowledge Translation in Family Nursing

Selected Bibliography developed by Janice M. Bell, RN, PhD

Updated: April 2018

See Blog Post about Knowledge Translation in Family Systems Nursing and the International Family Systems Nursing Collaborative (IFSYNC) Research Group composed of 8 countries [Learn more].

Knowledge Transfer/Knowledge Translation in Health Care Practice/Family Nursing Practice

Bareil, C., Duhamel, F., Lalonde, L., Goudreau, J., Hudon, E., Lussier, M. T… Lalonde, G. (2015). Facilitating the implementation of interprofessional collaborative practices into primary care: A Trilogy of Driving Forces. Journal of Health Care Management, 60(4), 287-301.

Baumbusch, J., Kirkham, S. R., Basu Kahn, K., McDonald, H., Semeniuk, P., Tan, E., & Anderson, J. M. (2008).  Pursuing common agendas:  A collaborative model knowledge translation between research and practice in clinical settings.  Research in Nursing & Health, 31, 130-140. doi: 10.1002/nur.20242

Bell, J. M. (2014). Knowledge translation in family nursing: Gazing into the Promised Land [Editorial]. Journal of Family Nursing, 20(1), 3-12. doi:10.1177/1074840714521731

Bell, J. M., Moules, N. J., Auger, N., Laing, C., & Toner, N. (2009, June). ‘What Happened to My Nurse?’ Exploring the effects of a Family Systems learning opportunity on the practice of pediatric oncology nurses.  Paper presented at the 9th International Family Nursing Conference, Reykjavik, Iceland.

Bellman, L., Webster, J., & Jeans, A. (2011).  Knowledge transfer and the integration of research, policy and practice for patient benefit.  Journal of Research in Nursing, 16(3), 254-270. doi: 10.1177/1744987110385271

Benzein, E., Johannson, B., & Saveman, B-I. (2004). Families in home care–a resource or a burden? District nurses’ beliefs. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 13(7), 865-875. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2004.01024.x

Benzein, E., Olin, C., & Persson, C. (2015).  ‘You put it all together’ – families’ evaluation of participating in Family Health Conversations.  Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 29(1), 136-144. doi: 10.1111/scs.12141

Blondal, K., Zoega, S., Hafsteinsdottir, J., Olafsdottir, O, Thorvardardootir, A., Hafsteinsdottir, S., & Sveinsdottir, H. (2014).  Attitudes of registered and licensed practical nurses towards the importance of families in surgical hospital units: Before and after implementation of Family Systems Nursing.  Journal of Family Nursing, 20, 355-375. doi:10.1177/1074840714542875

Braun, V. F., & Foster, C. (2011). Family nursing: Walking the talk. Nursing Forum, 46(1), 11-21. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-6198.2010.00202.x

Bruce, B., Letourneau, N. L., Ritchie, J., Larocque, S., Dennis, C., & Elliot, M. R. (2002).  A multisite study of health professionals’ perceptions and practices of family-centered care.  Journal of Family Nursing8(4), 408-429. doi:10.1177/107484002237515

Duhamel, F. (2010). Implementing family nursing: How do we translate knowledge into clinical practice? Part II: The evolution of 20 years of teaching, research, and practice to a Center of Excellence in Family Nursing.  Journal of Family Nursing, 16(1), 8-25. doi: 10.1177/1074840709360208

NEW Duhamel, F. (2017). Translating knowledge from a family systems approach to clinical practice: Insights from knowledge translation research experiences.  Journal of Family Nursing, 23(4), 461-487. doi:

Duhamel, F., & Dupuis, F. (2003). Families in palliative care: Exploring family and health-care professionals’ beliefs. International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 9(3), 113-119.

Duhamel, F., & Dupuis, F. (2004).  Guaranteed returns: Investing in conversations with families of cancer patients.  Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 8(1), 68-71. doi: 10.1188/04.CJON.68-71

Duhamel, F., & Dupuis, F. (2011).  Towards a Triology Model of Family Systems Nursing.  Knowledge utilization: fostering circularity between practice, education and research.  In E.K. Svavarsdottir & H. Jonsdottir (Eds)., Family nursing in action (pp. 53-68). Reykjavik, Iceland: University of Iceland Press.

Duhamel, F., Dupuis, F., Turcotte, A., Martinez, A.-M., & Goudreau, J. (2015).  Integrating the Illness Beliefs Model in clinical practice: A Family Systems Nursing Knowledge Utilization Model.  Journal of Family Nursing, 21(2), 322-348. doi:10.1177/1074840715579404

Duhamel, F., & Talbot, L. (2004). A constructivist evaluation of family interventions incardiovascular nursing practice. Journal of Family Nursing, 10(1), 12-32. doi10.1177/1074840703260906

Dorsay, J.P., Premji, S., Lendrum, B.L., & Royle, J. (1995). Research. Family systems nursing education. Canadian Nurse, 91(9), 21.

Eggenberger, S., & Sanders, M. (2016). A family nursing educational intervention supports nurses and families in an adult intensive care unit. Australian Critical Care, 29(4), 217-223.  doi: 10.1016/j.aucc.2016.09.002

Flowers, K., St. John, W., & Bell, J.M. (2008). The role of the clinical laboratory in teaching and learning family nursing skills.  Journal of Family Nursing, 14(2), 242-267. doi: 10.1177/1074840708316562

Goudreau, J., & Duhamel, F. (2003).  Interventions in perinatal family care: A participatory study.  Families, Systems, & Health, 21(2), 165-180. doi: 10.1037/1091-7527.21.2.165

Goudreau, J., Duhamel, F., & Ricard, N. (2006). The impact of a Family Systems Nursing educational program on the practice of psychiatric nurses.  A pilot study.  Journal of Family Nursing, 12(3), 292-306. doi: 10.1177/1074840706291694

Halldorsdottir, B., & Svavarsdottir, E. K. (2012). Purposeful therapeutic conversations: Are they effective for families of individuals with COPD? A quasi-experimental study. Vaard I Norden, 103, 32, 48-51. Retrieved from

Hastings, C. E., Fisher, C. A., McCabe, M. A., & The National Clinical Research Nursing Consortium. (2012).  Clinical research nursing: A critical resource in the national research enterprise.  Nursing Outlook, 60(2012), 149-156. doi:10.1016/j.outlook.2011.10.003

Henderson, S. (2002). Factors impacting on nurses’ transference of theoretical knowledge of holistic care into clinical practice. Nurse Education in Practice, 2, 244-250. doi:10.1016/S1471-5953(02)00020-3

Kitson, A. L., & Harvey, G. (2016). Methods to succeed in knowledge translation in clinical practice.  Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 48(3), 294-302. doi: 10.1111/jnu.12206

Kamban, S., & Svavarsdottir, E. K. (2013). Does a therapeutic conversation intervention in an acute paediatric setting make a difference for families of children with bronchiolitis caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)? Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22(19-20), 2723-2733. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2012.04330.x

Konradsdottir, E., & Svavarsdottir, E. K.  (2011).  How effective is a short-term educational and support intervention for families of an adolescent with type 1 diabetes?  Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing, 16, 295-304. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-6155.2011.00297.x

Lalonde, L., Goudreau, J., Hudon, E., Lussier, M. T., Bareil, C., Duhamel, F.,… and the Group for TRANSIT to Best Practices in Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Primary Care (2014). Development of an interprofessional program for cardiovascular prevention in primary care: A participatory research approach. SAGE Open Medicine, 2, 2050312114522788. doi:10.1177/2050312114522788

Lang, A., Fleiszer, A. R., Duhamel, F., Aston, M., Carr, T., & Goodwin, S. (2015). Evidence-informed primary bereavement care: A study protocol of a knowledge-to-action approach for system change. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 14, 121-145. doi:10.1177/160940691501400102

Langlois, S., Goudreau, J., & Lalonde, L. (2014). Scientific rigour and innovations in participatory action research investigating workplace learning in continuing interprofessional education. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 28(3), 226-231. doi:10.3109/13561820.2014.885003

Leahey, M., & Harper-Jaques, S. (2010). Integrating family nursing into a mental health urgent care practice framework: Ladders for learning.  Journal of Family Nursing, 16(2), 196-212. doi: 10.1177/1074840710365500

Leahey, M., Harper-Jaques, S., Stout, L., & Levac, A.M. (1995).  The impact of a family systems nursing approach:  Nurses’ perceptions.  The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 26(5), 219-225.

Leahey, M., Stout, L., & Myrah, I. (1991).  Family systems nursing: How do you practice it in an active community hospital?  The Canadian Nurse, February, 31-33.

Leahey, M., & Svavarsdottir, E.K. (2009). Implementing family nursing: How do we translate knowledge into clinical practice? Journal of Family, 15(4), 445-460. doi:10.1177/1074840709349070

Lee, A. C. K., Leung, S. S. K., & Mak, Y .W. (2012). The application of family-nursing assessment skills: From classroom to hospital ward among final-year nursing undergraduates in Hong Kong. Nurse Education Today, 32(1), 78-84. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2011.01.013

LeGrow, K., & Rossen, B.E. (2005). Development of a professional practice based on a family systems nursing framework: Nurses’ and families’ experiences.  Journal of Family Nursing, 11(1), 38-58. doi: 10.1177/1074840704273508

Lessard, S., Bareil, C., Lalonde, L., Duhamel, F., Hudon, E., Goudreau, J., Lévesque, L. (2016). External facilitators and interprofessional facilitation teams: A qualitative study of their roles in supporting practice change. Implementation Science, 11(97), 1-12. doi: 10.1186/s13012-016-0458-7

MacDonald, T. (2012). Exploring knowledge translation models for clinical nurse educators with a focus on the Ottawa model for research use.  Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Victoria School of Nursing. Retrieved from

Martinez, A.-M., D’Artois, D., & Rennick, J. E. (2007). Does the 15-minute (or less) family interview influence family nursing practice?  Journal of Family Nursing, 13(2), 157-178. doi: 10.1177/1074840707300750

Saveman B-I., Måhlén C., & Benzein E. (2005). Nursing students´ beliefs about families in nursing care.  Nurse Education Today, 25, 480-486. doi:  10.1016/j.nedt.2005.05.002

Scott, S. D., Estabrooks, C. A., Allen, M., & Pollock, C. (2008). A context of uncertainty: How context shapes nurse’s research utilization behaviours. Qualitative Health Research, 18(3), 347–357. doi: 10.1177/1049732307313354
Sigurdardottir, A. O., Garwick, A. W., & Svavarsdottir, E. K. (2016). The importance of family support in pediatrics and its impact on heathcare satisfaction.  Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/scs.12336

Sigurdadottir, A. O., Svavarsdottir, E. K., & Juliusdottir, S. (2015). Family nursing hospital training and the outcome on job demands, control and support.  Nurse Education Today, 35(7), 854-858. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2015.03.003

Sigurdardottir, A. O., Svavarsdottir, E. K., Rayens, M. K., & Adkins, S. (2013). Therapeutic conversations intervention in pediatrics: Are they of benefit for families of children with asthma?  The Nursing Clinics of North America, 48(2), 287-304. doi: 10.1016/j.cnur.2013.01.007

Simpson, P., Yeung, K.K., Kwan, T.S., & Wah, W.K. (2006). Family Systems Nursing: A guide to mental health care in Hong Kong.  Journal of Family Nursing, 12(3), 276-291. doi: 10.1177/1074840706291436

Svavarsdottir, E.K. (2006).  Listening to the family’s voice: Nordic nurses movement toward family centered care. Journal of Family Nursing, 12(4), 346-367. doi: 10.1177/1074840706294536

Svavarsdottir, E. K., & Sigurdardottir, A. (2005). The feasibility of offering a family level intervention to parents of children with cancer.  Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 19, 368-372.  doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6712.2005.00360.x

Svavarsdottir, E. K., & Sigurdardottir, A. (2006).  Developing family-level intervention for families of children with cancer.  Oncology Nursing Forum, 33, 983-990.  doi: 10.1188/06.ONF.983-990

Svavarsdottir, E. K., & Sigurdardottir, A. O. (2011).  Facilitating implementation of family nursing in general pediatric nursing practice:  The circularity between knowledge translation and clinical practice.  In E.K. Svavarsdottir and H. Jonsdottir (Eds.), Family nursing in action (pp. 161-184). Reykjavik, Iceland: University of Iceland Press.

Svavarsdottir, E. K., & Sigurdardottir, A. O. (2013). Benefits of a brief therapeutic conversation intervention for families of children and adolescents in active cancer treatment.  Oncology Nursing Forum, 40(5), E346-E357. doi: 10.1188/13.ONF.E346-E357

Svavarsdottir, E. K., Sigurdardottir, A. O., Konradsdottir, E., Stefansdottir, A., Sveinbjarnardottir, E. K., Ketilsdottir, A.,…Gudmundsdottir, H. (2015). The process of translating family nursing knowledge into clinical practice. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 47(1), 5-15. doi: 10/1111/jnu.12108

Svavarsdottir, E. K., Sigurdardottir, A. O., & Tryggvadottir, G. B. (2014).  Strengths-oriented therapeutic conversations for families of children with chronic illnesses:  Findings from the Landspitali University Hospital Family Nursing Implementation Project. Journal of Family Nursing, 20(1), 13-50. doi:10.1177/1074840713520345

Svavarsdottir, E. K., Tryggvadottir, G. B., & Sigurdardottir, A. O. (2012). Knowledge translation in family nursing: Does a short-term therapeutic conversation intervention benefit families of children or adolescents within a hospital setting? Findings from the Landspitali University Hospital Family Nursing Implementation Project. Journal of Family Nursing, 18(3), 303-327doi:10.1177/1074840712449202

Sveinbjarnardottir, E.K., Svavarsdottir, E. K., & Saveman, B.-I. (2011). Nurses attitudes towards the importance of families in psychiatric care following an educational and training intervention program. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 18(10), 895-903. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2850.2011.01744.x

Sveinbjarnardottir, E. K., Svavarsdottir, E. K., & Wright, L. M. (2013). What are the benefits of a short therapeutic conversation intervention with acute psychiatric patients and their families? A controlled before and after study. International Journal of Nursing Studies50(5), 593-602.

Virani, T., Lemieux-Charles, L., Davis, D. A., & Berta, W. (2009). Sustaining change: Once evidenced-based practices are transferred, what then? Health Care Quarterly, 12(1), 89–96.

Voltelen, B., Konradsen, H., & Østergaard, B. (2016). Family nursing therapeutic conversations in heart failure outpatient clinics in Denmark: Nurses’ experiences.  Journal of Family Nursing, 22(2), 179-198. doi: 10.1177/1074840716643879

Vosburg, D., & Simpson, P. (1993).  Linking family theory and practice: A family nursing program.  Image: Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 25(3), 231-235. doi: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.1993.tb00787.x

Wacharasin, C., Phaktoop, M., & Sananreangsak, S. (2015). Examining the usefulness of a Family Empowerment Program guided by the Illness Beliefs Model for families caring for a child with thalassemia.  Journal of Family Nursing, 21(2), 295-321. doi: 10.1177/1074840715585000

White, K. M., & Dudley-Brown, S. (2012). Translation of evidence into nursing and health care practice: Application to nursing and health care.  New York, NY: Springer.

Wong, O. L. (2014) Contextual barriers to the successful implementation of family-centered practice in mental health care: A Hong Kong study. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 28(3), 212-219. doi: 10.1016/j.apnu.2014.02.001

Practice with Families: Conceptual Literature

Bell, J.M. (2003). Clinical scholarship in family nursing [Editorial]. Journal of Family Nursing, 9(2), 127-129. doi: 10.1177/1074840703009002001

Bell, J.M. (2009). Family Systems Nursing re-examined [Editorial]. Journal of Family Nursing, 15(2), 123-129. doi: 10.1177/1074840709335533

Bell, J.M. (2011).  Relationships: The heart of the matter in family nursing [Editorial].  Journal of Family Nursing, 17(1), 3-10. doi: 10.1177/1074840711398464

Bell, J. M. (2012). Making ideas stick: The 15-Minute Family Interview [Editorial]. Journal of Family Nursing, 18(2), 171-174. doi:10.1177/1074840712443663

Bell, J. M. (2013). Family nursing is more than family centered care [Editorial]. Journal of Family Nursing, 19(4), 411-417. doi:10.1177/1074840713512750

Bell, J. M. (2016). The central importance of therapeutic conversations in family nursing: Can talking be healing? [Editorial]. Journal of Family Nursing, 22(4), 439-449. doi: 10.1177/1074840716680837

Bell, J. M. (2015).  Growing the science of Family Systems Nursing: Family health intervention research focused on illness suffering and family healing. In F. Duhamel (Ed.), La santé et la famille: Une approche systémique en soins infirmiers [Families and health: A systemic approach in nursing care] (3rd ed.,) Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Gaëtan Morin editeur, Chenelière Éducation. [In French] English language translation available from U of C Institutional Repository, PRISM:

Bell, J.M. & Wright, L.M. (2011). The Illness Beliefs Model creating practice knowledge in family systems nursing for families experiencing illness. In E.K. Svarvarsdottir & H. Jonsdottir (Eds.), Family nursing in action (pp. 15-51). Reykjavik, Iceland: University of Iceland Press.

Bell, J. M., & Wright, L. M. (2015). The Illness Beliefs Model: Advancing practice knowledge about illness beliefs, family healing, and family interventions [Editorial]. Journal of Family Nursing, 21(2), 179-185. doi:10.1177/1074840715586889

Benzein, E., Hagberg, M., & Saveman, B.-I. (2012).  Att möta familjer inom vård och omsorg [Meeting with Families in Health and Community Care]. Stockholm, Sweden:  Studentlitteratur. [in Swedish] (Describes the Family Health Conversations Model for advanced family nursing practice in Sweden)

Duhamel, F. (Ed.). (2007). La santé et la famille: Une approche systémique en soins infirmiers [Families and health: A systemic approach in nursing care] (2nd ed.). Montreal, Quebec, Canada: Gaëtan Morin editeur, Chenelière Éducation. [In French]

Duhamel, F. (Ed). (2015). La santé et la famille. Une approche systémique en soins infirmiers [Families and health : A family systems nursing approach] (3rd ed.). Montréal, Quebec, Canada: Gaétan Morin. Chenelière Éducation. [in French]

Dunst, C. J., Boyd, K., Trivette, C. M., & Hamby, D. W. (2002).  Family-oriented program models and professional helpgiving practices.  Family Relations, 51(3), 221-229. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3729.2002.00221.x (conceptual paper – useful evaluation questions)

Johnson, B. H. (2000). Family-centered care: Four decades of progress.  Families, Systems, & Health, 18(2), 137-156. doi: 10.1037/h0091843 (Conceptual paper about family-centered care in the United States and includes a battery of self-assessment tools for evaluating family-centered care practices – p. 154).

Leahey, M., & Harper-Jaques, S. (1996).  Family-nurse relationships:  Core assumptions and clinical implications.  Journal of Family Nursing, 2(2), 133-151.doi: 10.1177/107484079600200203(conceptual paper-offers useful evaluation questions)

St. John, W., & Flowers, K. (2009).  Working with families:  From theory to clinical nursing practice. Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing Australia, 16, 131-138. Retrieved from

Whittemore, R., & Grey, M. (2002).  The systematic development of nursing interventions. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 34(2), 115-120. doi: 10.1111/j.1547-5069.2002.00115.x

Wright, L.M. (2005). Spirituality, suffering, and illness: Ideas for healing. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis.

Wright, L. M. (2015).  Brain science and illness beliefs: An unexpected explanation of the healing power of therapeutic conversations and the family interventions that matter. Journal of Family Nursing, 21(2), 186-205. doi:10.1177/1074840715575822

Wright, L. M., & Bell, J. M. (2009). Beliefs and illness: A model for healing. Calgary, Alberta, Canada: 4th Floor Press.

Wright, L.M., & Leahey, M. (1990). Trends in the nursing of families. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 15, 148-154. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.1990.tb01795.x

Wright, L. M., & Leahey, M. (2013). Nurses and families: A guide to family assessment and intervention (6th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davies.

Research Instruments that Examine Practice with Families

Bell, J. M. (2015, August). Family nursing research instruments developed by family nurses [Web log post]. Retrieved from:

Benzein, E., Johansson, P., Arestedt, K. F., Berg, A., & Saveman, B.-I. (2008). Families’ importance in nursing care: Nurses’ attitudes – an instrument development. Journal of Family Nursing, 14(1), 97-117. doi:10.1177/1074840707312716.

Bruce, E., Dorell, A., Lindh, V., Erlingsson, C., Lindkvist, M., & Sundin, K. (2016). Translation and testing of the Swedish version of the Iceland-Family Perceived Support Questionnaire with parents of children with congenital heart defects.  Journal of Family Nursing, 22(3), 298-320. doi:10.1177/1074840716656343

Gisladottir, M., & Svavarsdottir, E. K. (2016). Development and psychometric testing of the Iceland-Family Illness Beliefs Questionnaire.  Journal of Family Nursing, 22(3), 321-338. doi:10.1177/1074840716661593

McDaniel, S. H. (2011).  Poster presentation. Physician coaching program at the University of Rochester: A pilot study.  Poster presentation.

Meiers, S. J., Tomlinson, P., & Peden-McAlpine, C. (2007).  Development of the Family Nurse Caring Belief Scale (FNCBS).  Journal of Family Nursing, 13(4), 484-502. doi: 10.1177/1074840707310734

Sawin, K. J. (2016). Measurement in family nursing: Established instruments and future directions [Guest Editorial].  Journal of Family Nursing, 22(3), 287-287. doi:10.1177/1074840716656038

Saveman, B-I., Benzein, E., Engström, A.H., & Årestedt, K. (2011). Refinement and psychometric re-evaluation of the instrument: Families’ Importance in Nursing Care – Nurses’ Attitudes.  Journal of Family Nursing, 17(3), 312-129.  doi:10.1177/1074840711415074

Simpson, P., & Tarrant, M. (2006).  Development of the Family Nursing Practice Scale. Journal of Family Nursing, 12(4), 413-425. doi: 10.1177/1074840706290806

Sveinbjarnardottir, E. K., Svavarsdottir, E. K., & Hrafnkelsson, B. (2012).Psychometric development of the Iceland-Expressive Family Functioning Questionnaire (ICE-EFFQ). Journal of Family Nursing, 18(3), 353-377. doi:10.1177/1074840712449204

Sveinbjarnardottir, E. K., Svavarsdottir, E. K., & Hrafnkelsson, B. (2012). Psychometric development of the Iceland-Family Perceived Support Questionnaire (ICE-FPSQ). Journal of Family Nursing, 18(3), 328-352. doi:10.1177/1074840712449203

vom Eigen, K., Walker, J.D., Edgman-Levitan, S., Cleary, P.D., & Delbanco, T.L. (2000).  A comparison of carepartner and patient experiences with hospital care. Families, Systems & Health, 18(2), 191-203. doi: 10.1037/h0091846

Knowledge Translation: Conceptual Articles

Baker, G.R. (2011).  The contribution of case study research to knowledge of how to improve quality of care.  BMJ Quality & Safety, 20, 130-135. doi:10.1136/bmjqs.2010.046490

Bucknall, T., & Rycroft-Malone, J. (2010). Evidence-based practice: Doing the right thing for patients. In J. Rycroft-Malone & T. Bucknall (Eds.), Models and frameworks for implementing evidence based-practice: Linking evidence to action (pp.1-21). West Sussex, United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell.

Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) (2004). Knowledge translation strategy 2004–2009: Innovation in action. Ottawa, Canada: Author. Retrieved from

Estabrooks, C. A., Thompson, D. S., Lovely, J. J., & Hofmeyer, A. (2006). A guide to knowledge translation theory. The Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 26(1), 25-36. doi: 10.1002/chp.48

Graham, I. D. (2007). Knowledge translation at CIHR. Retrieved from

Graham, I. D., Logan, J., Harrison, M. B., Straus, S. E., Tetroe, J., Caswell, W., & Robinson, N. (2006). Lost in knowledge translation: Time for a map? Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 26, 13-24. PMID: 16557505  Publication retrieved from

Graham, I. D., & Tetroe, J.M. (2010). The Knowledge to Action Framework. In J. Rycroft-Malone & T. Bucknall (Eds.), Models and frameworks for implementing evidence based-practice: Linking evidence to action (pp. 207-221). West Sussex, United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell.

Kitson, A. (2009). The need for systems change: Reflections on knowledge translation and organizational change. Journal of Advanced Nursing65(1), 217-228. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2008.04864.x

Kitson, A., & Bisby, M. (2008). Speeding up the spread: Putting KT research into practice and developing an integrated KT collaborative research agenda. Edmonton, Alberta, Canada: Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research, Background Paper, KT 08. Retrieved from fdb47de28f52562a0452b42534d33b39.

Kitson, A., Harvey, G., & McCormack, B. (1998). Enabling the implementation of evidence based practice: A conceptual framework. Quality in Healthcare, 7(3), 149–158.

Kontos, P.C., & Poland, B.D. (2009).  Mapping new theoretical and methodological terrain for knowledge translation: Contributions from critical realism and the arts. Implementation Science, 4(1). doi:10.1186/1748-5908-4-1

Lavis, J., Lomas, J., Hamid, M., & Sewankambo, N. (2006).  Assessing country-level efforts to link research to action.  Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 84, 620-628. Retrieved from

McWilliam, C. (2007). Continuing education at the cutting edge: Promoting transformational knowledge translation.  Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions, 27(2), 72-79. doi: 10.1002/chp.102

McWilliam, C., Kothari, A., Ward-Griffin, C., Forbes, D., Leiper, B., & South West Community Care Access Centre Home Care Collaboration (2009). Evolving the theory and praxis of knowledge translation through social interaction: A social phenomenological study.  Implementation Science, 4(26). doi:  10.1186/1748-5908-4-26  Retrieved from

Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2010). ARCC (Advancing Research and Clinical Practice through close Collaboration). A model for system-wide implementation

and sustainability of evidence–based practice. In J. Rycroft-Malone & T. Bucknall (Eds.), Models and frameworks for implementing evidence based-practice: Linking evidence to action (pp. 170-183). West Sussex, United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell.

Rycroft-Malone, J., & Bucknall, T. (2010). Models and frameworks for implementing evidence based-practice: Linking evidence to action. West Sussex, United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell.